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Attractions

Amphitheater  Triumphal Arch - Golden Gate  Temple of Augustus  Town hall  Mosaic punishment of Dirce  Twin Gates and City Walls  Hercules Gate  Forum  Church and Monastery. Francis  Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary  Orthodox Church of St.. Nicholas  Chapel of St. Mary Formosa  Kastel  Historical Museum of Istria  Archaeological Museum of Istria  Small Roman Theatre 


 
Amphitheater

Amphitheater

The most famous and important monument, construction of which begins and ends each tour city - Puljska Arena - buildings in which the gladiator fights. It was built in the first century, during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, at the same time with the highest and the most famous building of its kind - Colosseum in Rome.

Is elliptical, with the main axis length of 130 meters and the short axis of 100 meters. In the middle of a flat area - the field, but the spectators were sitting on the stone steps and stood in the gallery. It is believed that the arena could hold 20,000 spectators. It was built from local limestone. In the Middle Ages the Arena was used for knightly tournaments and fairs.

Today it is used for summer events - The film festival, opera season, Equestrian Festival, concerts ... When can accommodate about 5000 spectators. In an underground room, which had earlier served a gladiator, now a permanent exhibition "Olive and Grape Istria in ancient times, enhanced conversions of machinery for the production of oil and wine (mills, the press, the vessel for deposition), and amphorae that were used as packaging for transport oil and wine. Arena is located outside the city walls of old Pula, because of its size and geographical advantages, and to the city leads us often established at the time of Vespasian in which it was named - Via Flavia, which today represents one of the main city roads.

Amphitheater of limestone formed in the Cretaceous period, dovezenog from a nearby quarry, Vinkuran


 
Triumphal Arch - Golden Gate

Triumphal Arch - Golden Gate

"Golden Gate" - was built 29-27. Mr p.n.e. by the Sergi family, in honor of three members of the family who held important positions in Pula. Arc the leaner the gate Porta Aurea or the so called because of the richness of ornamental onions or the gilded doors. The door and wall were demolished in the early nineteenth century, due to urbanization and sprawl outside the walls.

Triumphal Arch was built in the Corinthian style, with strong influences of Hellenistic Asia Minor in the manner and motives of decoration. Since the eastern part was not visible, remained largely untreated stonemasons, while the western side, is visible - the city, richly decorated. Today, the small square with Arc happening cultural events - theater and choir, and along the street are numerous shops.


 
Temple of Augustus

Temple of Augustus

The temple in the Forum dedicated to the goddess Roma and Augustus Caesar. It was built between the second BC and 14 year, when he died in August. Shape is typical of the temple construction.

The function of the temple has changed: the completion of pagan antiquity is the basic function of the temple ceased, and has been used as a church, then stored grain, to the early nineteenth century it had housed the museum of stone monuments. 1944th Mr struck by a bomb and almost completely destroyed, reconstruction is carried out since 1945. until 1947, and today it is less an exhibition of ancient sculpture in stone and bronze.

For the second twin temple, from which it is preserved only the rear wall, is assumed to be built at the same time and in the same style, and, according to oral tradition, called the Temple of Diana.


 
Town hall

Town hall

At a time when the Pula was a free city district, was at the Forum Palace - the seat of city government. For the Venetian government was the residence of the prince and governor, and later still the seat of mayor. Upgrading over many centuries (from X to XVI century) gave rise to the building that represents an exceptional blend of architectural styles from Romanesque to Renaissance. The inscription mounted on the front, which is normally updated in the sixteenth century, dating the emergence of the City Hall 1296th year: this year probably marks the first thorough reconstruction and upgrade, as it is without a doubt earlier in that place there the seat of city government.

Earlier phase of development of the City Hall building are best visible on the east wall, where different styles are all mixed Romanesque and Gothic periods. Sculptures Telamon and sirens on the corners which closed columns Renaissance, Baroque and window openings are the last of the architectural changes the external appearance of the City Hall: disrepair, dilapidation and negligence have left significant traces in the structure of the building which has recently been thoroughly restored.


 
Mosaic punishment of Dirce

Mosaic punishment of Dirc

The building block chapel. Mary's Chapel after the bombing in the last World War I explored the remains of Roman residential houses with mosaics, one of which is particularly important mosaic with a central scene of mythological stories punishment of Dirce (Amphion and son bond Dirk, who out of jealousy tortured by their mother antiopa, the enraged bull) . Mosaic scene represents the central field of a large mosaic carpet (12 x 6 m). The whole area is divided into two almost equal halves with a total of 40 fields dominated by geometric motifs with animal detail (birds and fish). Mosaic covered the floor in the central room of a Roman dwelling house, probably from the third. century. Conserved in a place where she was found, so to see the level of house floors in Roman times, which is 2 m below the present.


 
Twin Gates and City Walls

Twin Gates and City Walls

In ancient and medieval times the entire city was surrounded by walls, a passage is provided with ten gates. The fortifications have become dilapidated and unnecessary, and were destroyed at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Part of the rampart survived the move from the Twin doors to the square Giardini.

Twin Gates, so named because of the two arched openings through which one enters the inner courtyard from which go into the city itself, built in the II-III century. Twin door leads us to the Archaeological Museum and the castle.

Twin front door found the remains of the octagonal burial buildings - the Mausoleum of the I-II century, partly restored.


 
Hercules Gate

Hercules Gate

Between the two, probably medieval towers are architecturally modest door neprofiliranih built from stone blocks and on top of the arched openings and damaged, though barely recognizable, carved head of Hercules and his club. It was also damaged by the label next to clubs, which has a first-rate historical significance because it mentions the names of two Roman officers, the Gate of Hercules - Gaius Cassius Longinus and Lucius Calpurnius Piso: these are the Roman Senate sent to the Pula Bay that led a group of colonists structures and build a colony. This happened between the 47th and 44 BC. Kr. And then came Pula as a settlement with the city's features. As the above city streets round exited through the door, her hair was a condition laid out the position of the shaft door in relation to the direction of the walls.


 
Forum

Forum

The central square of ancient and medieval Pula is situated at the foot of the hill town on the west side of town, along the coast. For its construction in the first century BC, nasipana coast in order to get more space.

At the Forum, there were all city functions - religious, administrative, judicial and economic. In the northern part of the forum there were two equal side of the temple and a central dedicated to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Of them is completely preserved Temple of Augustus, while the other side of the temple still visible back wall, which was used in the construction of city hall in the thirteenth century.

The ancient ruins of the Forum found during the construction of new buildings and the latest site of "Agrippina, and her time" (from the first century) dates back only a few years ago. The site is located within an area bank where he made a partial restoration.

Square still has the administrative and economic functions, and in summer on the Square are held many cultural events.


 
Church and Monastery. Francis

Church and Monastery. Francis

The slope of the hill between the Forum and the upper circular street, there is a monastery complex dedicated to St. Francis of Assisi, which was built in the XIV. century, where previously there was a sacred place. The Franciscan community was mentioned in Pula, but in the thirteenth. century. The church was built in 1314th in the late-Romanesque style with Gothic decorative detail, as strictly a simple construction and preaching of the Franciscan order. Finish of the stone blocks of which were built walls suggests the top masters of art who participated in the construction.


 
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Within the city, along the main street that the road Flavia came to the Forum, there is a cathedral church. It was built on the site where Christians gathered in time of persecution of the church (to IV. Century). Time has been developing more and more buildings which received the fifth century form of the present church. It was an elongated parallelogram structures separated by two rows of columns. The altar area was on the north side, determined by semi-circular stage with seats for priests. In front of the altar space behind and around the altar itself are preserved fragments of the mosaic floor of the V-VI. century, with the memorial inscriptions of believers who are making their money paid for a certain area.

The oldest surviving parts of the wall of the church from the beginning of IV. century are visible from the outside: the lower part of the rear wall belongs to this period. Later the church due to fire 1242nd The changes experienced on several occasions. While the upper windows of the central vessel built in the early Christian era, the windows of the side aisles are typical Gothic appearance.

In front of the church was built in the fifth century baptistery cross-shaped layout, which was destroyed by 1885th year. At the beginning of the sixteenth century there was builded a new facade, a front of the church in the second half XVII. century (1671-1707) built the bell tower (used in its construction of the blocks from the amphitheater). At the point where today east of the cathedral, is a small park, there was the 1657th The church of Sv. Thomas, patron of the city and it was built in the fifth century, such a phenomenon of double plexes in Istria is not uncommon (Nezakcij, Porec). Church of Sv. Tome after crashing into the Middle Ages is not restored: the last remnants of the surface were still visible 1812th year.


 
Orthodox Church of St.. Nicholas

Orthodox Church of St.. Nicholas

Built in the second half of June. century, Ravenna, with a typical polygonal apse, the church was dedicated to the Blessed Mother. After a thorough reconstruction of around 1200 years, was awarded the Greek Orthodox religious community in Pula 1583rd year, which consisted of immigrants from Cyprus and Nafplion: Today belongs to the Serbian Orthodox Church. The church is the iconostasis of the Greek masters Tomiosa Batos from XVIII. century, valuable icons and other items.


 
Chapel of St. Mary Formosa

Chapel of St. Mary Formosa

One of the two chapels built in the sixth century as part of a great Benedictine abbey destroyed in the sixteenth century. The floor and walls were decorated with mosaics remains of which are located in the Archaeological Museum.

It was built in the style of Ravenna churches, but unlike them used a stone and not brick. Because of its size and construction, as well as complete conservation, Chapel is a remarkable architectural value of their time.


 
Kastel

Kastel

From the above circular street leading a climb to the top of the hill, where the 1630th The fort was built a rectangular layout is a prominent corner pointed bastions. It is built according to the designs of French military architect, Antoine de Ville by order of the Venetian government to protect the city and port, given its great importance to maritime transport in the northern Adriatic. At the top of the hill and had previously placed fortification, probably with more continuity from pre-Roman and Roman times. Histrian fort was primarily a defensive role, and in Roman times there had to be placed a small military station. The castle is now the Historical Museum of Istria.


 
Historical Museum of Istria

Historical Museum of Istria

On the highest hill in Puli, at an altitude of 32.4 meters, between the sea and hills Arena, Zaro and Sv. Michael, in a reconstructed Venetian fortress, since 1961. years are working and exhibition rooms of the Historical Museum of Istria, which was established on 31 December of the year 1955th as the Museum of the Revolution. Historical Museum of Istria - Museo Storico dell 'Istria its operation as a public institution. Today is a county institution that preserves part of national and universal human heritage of the High Middle Ages until recent times and is directly or indirectly represents the public through permanent and temporary exhibitions or publications.

The Museum operates as a unit with a number of departments (organizational units, slave) - Department of History of Pula, Department of Istrian medieval history and the Department of the modern history of Istria with the pertaining collections (cultural - historical collection of urban life, the collection of old postcards and photographs, the collection of maritime history and shipbuilding . Collection of economic development, cultural-historical collection subgradskog life collection decorations, signs, posters, diplomas, seals and coats of arms, coin collection, a collection of weapons, uniforms and military equipment, a collection of film and video, and memoirs dealing with the collection of sound recordings, collection of important personality, and the newly formed collection of old maps. The rich holdings (over 40,000 museum objects) is particularly significant holdings of the collection of old postcards, maps and a collection of weapons, uniforms and military equipment and shipping.


 
Archaeological Museum of Istria

Archaeological Museum of Istria

Collecting stone monuments in the Temple of Augustus 1802nd Mr Marshal Marmont starts with the creation of the museum collection in Pula. But the discovery of stone, ceramic and metal objects in Nesactium was the basis for the establishment of the Municipal Museum (Museo Civico) in Pula 1902nd Mr Moving Headquarters istriana Societa di Archeologia e storia patria and archaeological inventory transfer from Porec to Pula, the Municipal Museum merged with the National Collection (stone monuments) and Porec Regional Museum (Museo Provinciale) in a museum institution of regional importance, and thus 1925 . Mr founded the Museum of Istria (Il Regio Museo dell 'Istria) in the present museum building. In 1930th Hall Museum was first opened to visitors, and on this occasion published a guide to Italian. This exhibition with minor modifications were made public by the end of World War II, when Anglo-American government during the many objects were transferred to Italy.

 

With some modifications in the stone monument and display the remaining exhibits, 1949. Mr museum reopened as a specialized Archaeological Museum of Istria. Systematic work, and with great effort, after the restitution of archaeological material from Italy 1961st year, gradually building a museum and made visual-didactic concept of a representative of the entire museum fundusa.Godine 1968th open the renovated stone monuments in the ground floor rooms and corridors of the museum, and the 1973rd open the exhibition hall on the first prehistory floor and antique, late antique and medieval exhibition on the 2nd floor of the museum building.

The exhibition halls of the Archaeological Museum of Istria, complemented by new finds from archaeological sites in Istria (prehistoric caves, ruins and cemeteries, ancient commercial complexes, buildings and cemeteries and religious buildings of early Christian and Byzantine periods, the time barbarian invasion and settlement of the Slavic population in Istria).

Archaeological Museum of Istria, situated to the rich holdings of prehistoric, ancient and early medieval archaeological monuments from all over Istria.


 
Small Roman Theatre

Small Roman Theatre

On the north slope of the hill below the castle there are remains of theaters from the Roman era: Pula then had next to the amphitheater, has two theaters, one out of town, south of the walls on the hillside Zaro (Monte Zaro) which are not visible from any significant remains, and Secondly, the so-called. small Roman theater within the walls. Since it preserves the remains of buildings and scenic parts of the auditorium are partially reconstructed. Below the theater building is a former German high school where he since 1930.




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